Battle Of Stalingrad

WWII, July 17, 1942 - February 2, 1943

"One of bloodiest battles ever, it was the German army's greatest defeat."


About the Battle

  • Stalingrad, an industrial city, was on the Volga river.
  • If the city could be captured, vital river traffic, especially of the oil being shipped to Moscow, could be stopped.
  • An attack would draw in the Russian army to battle the German forces; Hitler believed that Russian reserves were small and the capture of a few more troops would topple Stalin's regime.
  • In September, Hitler ordered General Friedrich Paulus and the German Sixth Army to capture Stalingrad and seize the left bank of the Volga in order to halt river traffic.
  • The battle involved more participants than any other, and was marked by brutality and disregard for military and civilian casualties by both sides.
  • Total Casualties: 1,129,619

Led by Paulus
Led by Zhukov
1,011,500 men
1,000,500 men
10, 290 artillery guns
13,541 artillery guns

675 tanks
894 tanks
1,216 planes
1,115 planes


CONCLUSION: The defeat of the Germans at Stalingrad marked a turning point on the Eastern Front. The Germans never won a major battle in the East again. The Russian offensive continued to push the Germans back for two years until April, 1945, when the Russians entered Berlin.

Relationships to the Novel

  • Napoleon→Joseph Stalin. With Stalin being the second leader of the Soviet Union, he is most likely compared to Napolean because he leads the farm from the beginning of the revolution.