Communism- a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state.

Communism has ten essential planks:

  • Abolition of Private Property. external image AnimalFarmCommandments.jpg
  • Heavy Progressive Income Tax.
  • Abolition of Rights of Inheritance.
  • Confiscation of Property Rights.
  • Central Bank.
  • Government Ownership of Communication and Transportation.
  • Government Ownership of Factories and Agriculture.
  • Government Control of Labor.
  • Corporate Farms and Regional Planning.
  • Government Control of Education.

Founder- German social thinker Karl Marx in 1848 novel, Communist Manifesto

Timeline: 1917- Lenin starts Bolshevik Revolution and begins Russia's transition to Commuism.

1917-1921- Russian Civil War
Karl Marx
over political affiliation

1924- Lenin dies, Stalin takes over

1932-1940- Stalin causes "Great Famine" in Ukraine, "Great Terror" in which millions are executed in camps, and invasion of nearby countries

1948- North Korea becomes a Commuist country

1949- China also becomes Communist

1959- Fidel Castro leads Cuba into a Communist regime

1989- Berlin Wall falls, symbolizing end of Communism in Soviet Union

1991- Mikhail Gorbechov resigns, official end of Cold War and Communism in Russia

The Rise of Communism in Russia Lenin came to the country after previously being exiled in Finland. He took over from the former leader Alexander Kerensky through secret alliances. His reign started by propoganda stating how he would bring "Bread, land, peace, and ALL power to the Soviets." However, his reign was marred by radical changes to assure Lenin's power. He made the government all powerful and gave the citizens no rights. They had no freedom of speech or the ability to meet in groups. Although some thought his rulings were overpowering, there were still those who were happy that Russia was in peace and prospering. Communism.jpg

The Fall of Communism in Russia By the 1980s, it was becoming quite obvious that communism in the USSR was not really working out. Gorbachev became the leader of the USSR in 1985 and he introduced many reforms in an attempt to modernize the economy and make the Communist Party more democratic. All that this led to was the breakup of the USSR and the end of the one-party Communist rule, as well as the collapse of the well-known Ir
Berlin Wall
Berlin Wall
on Curtain and the end of the Communist rule.

5 current communist countries: China, Cuba, Laos, Vietnam, and North Korea

Communism vs. Animalism-

  • All people equal in communism, all animals equal in Animal Farm
  • Government owns all in communism, pigs act as gov't and own all in Animal Farm
  • No owners, no rich or poor in both cases
  • Both groups have untrusting leaders- Pigs and Lenin/Stalin

Famous Communist Leaders:

North Korea's Kim Jung Il
North Korea's Kim Jung Il

Russia's Vladimir Lenin
Russia's Vladimir Lenin

China's Mao Zedong
China's Mao Zedong

Russia's Joseph Stalin
Russia's Joseph Stalin

Cuba's Fidel Castro
Cuba's Fidel Castro

The Rise and Fall of Communism. Retrieved November 6, 2009, from

The Victims of Communism Foundation.Timeline of Communism. Retrieved November 6, 2009, from
Lamont, G. Animal Farm, Comparison of Characters to Russian Revolution. Retrieved November 6, 2009, from
Communism and Amorality. Retrieved November 4, 2009, from //