Proletariat - Producers of Offspring

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Capitism - the working class carries the weight of society.

The theory of a working class or, Proletariant, came from and was first discovered by Karl Marx. He came up with the two main classes in capitalism, which are Proletariat and Bourgeoisie.

Proletariant - owners of labour power , with no other resources other than the ability to work with their hands, bodies, and minds. They have no physical resources other than their bodies. These workers have no property, in order to survive they must find work under an employer and do whatever they say. By working for a capitalist-employer you will have an exploitative social relationship.

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The first proletarians were connected with manufacture, were engendered by it, and accordingly, those employed in manufacture, in the working up of raw materials, will first claim our attention. The production of raw materials and of fuel for manufacture attained importance only in consequence of the industrial change, and engendered a new proletariat, the coal and metal miners. Then, in the third place, manufacture influenced agriculture, and in the fourth, the condition of Ireland; and the fractions of the proletariat belonging to each, will find their place accordingly. The "working class"

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  • In the book Animal Farm the Proletariat can be compared to the majority of the animals on the farm (apart from the pigs)
  • Their only source of income is strenuous labor
  • They aren't able to enjoy the rewards of their hard work, everything goes to higher classes


  • 45 - On page 45 Orwell elaborates on some of the work that the animals are preforming. Bits and reins were once used to force work out of the animals, which were used to benefit the higher class, such as the Jones.
  • 62 - When the bitter winter strikes, some changes need to be made. The pigs are preoccupied with the organizing of the work for the seasons to come, while the farm animals are left to carry out the tasks.
  • 86-87 - Rations are becoming smaller, and food on the farm is scarce. Squealer announces that the hens must give up their eggs to buy grain to keep the farm going. The hens conclude that this is murder, and start a rebellion of their own.
  • 93-94 - Many of the animals are confessing to crimes that Snowball persuaded them to commit. Napoleon slays the guilty instantly, without a second thought. The Proletariat were looked upon as worthless. This meant that a life lost was nothing to worry about.
  • 101 - Each time Napoleon gains seniority over the other animals, they fall into a class similar to the producers of offspring. While Napoleon has every need attended to, the animals are the ones working in harsh conditions to provide for the farm and ultimately, for him.
  • 114 - On the bottom of 114 the rules for retirement are laid out. After each animal puts his fair share of hard work in, they are aloud a hefty pension and the ability to enjoy their last years grazing on open pastures by the farm. Retirement was only to be made once an animal reaches the requirement - which is primarily age. Once he spends his life carrying out many strenuous tasks, he might be eligible for a brighter ending to life.
  • 117 - During one of the many tough winters, rations were not only cut once, but twice. While the animals were forced to suffer the consequences of a less the ideal farming season, the pigs and Napoleon are not only comfortable, but Orwell writes that "...[they] in fact were putting on weight if anything."
  • 120 - Boxer was the hardest worker that the Animal Farm saw. When he was injured, Orwell writes that "...the animals worked like slaves."

proletariat. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: